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Anxiety Basics

Anxiety - What is It
Anxiety Cause
Anxiety Symptoms
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Anxiety Disorders

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Acute Stress Disorder
Seperation Anxiety
Anxiety Neurosis
Tourette's Syndrome
Generalised Anxiety Disorder
Phobic Anxiety Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric disorder; more specifically, it is an anxiety disorder. A sufferer recognises the obsessions are the products of his or her mind, and tries to suppress them or to neutralise them with some other thought or action. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a type of anxiety disorder, is a potentially disabling illness that traps people in endless cycles of repetitive thoughts and behaviors. People with OCD are plagued by recurring and distressing thoughts, fears or images (obsessions) that they cannot control. We all have habits and routines in our daily lives, such as brushing our teeth before bed. However, for people with OCD, patterns of behavior get in the way of their daily lives. Doctors once believed that obsessive-compulsive disorder was a rare condition, but it's now known to be more common than other mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. More than 3 million Americans have obsessive-compulsive disorder. personality traits become abnormal inflexible unadaptive and cause sufficient social or occupational impairment along with a lot of personal dishes.This OCD cycle can progress to the point of taking up hours of the person's day and significantly interfering with normal activities. People with OCD may be aware that their obsessions and compulsions are senseless or unrealistic, but they cannot stop themselves.

Everyone is a moon and has a dark side which he never shows to nobody wrote Mark Twain. The phrase "obsessive-compulsive" has worked its way into the wider English lexicon , and is often used in an offhand manner to describe someone who is meticulous or absorbed in a cause. Compulsions are behaviors that help reduce the anxiety surrounding the obsessions. Most people (90%) who have OCD have both obsessions and compulsions. The thoughts and behaviors a person with OCD has are senseless, repetitive, distressing, and sometimes harmful, but they are also difficult to overcome. You have distressing, unwanted thoughts or images that don't make sense to you. These thoughts or images keep coming back despite your efforts to resist them. You may strive to hide your condition from friends and co-workers for fear of being labeled crazy. Obsessive compulsive disorder doesn't affect just adults. The disorder often begins during adolescence or early childhood. About one-third to one-half of adult cases begin in childhood. Obsessive-compulsive disorder in one such personality disorder, which is characterized by anxious thoughts or rituals, which the patient feels he or she cannot control. It strikes men and women in equal numbers and affects about 1 in every 50 people.

Causes of Obsessive-compulsive-disorder

The common Causes of Obsessive-compulsive-disorder :

  • There are several psychological theories about the cause of OCD, but none has been confirmed. Some reports associate OCD with head trauma or infections, but no link has been proven.
  • Environmental factors may also have an important role to play in obsessive compulsive disorder causes.
  • In addition to neurological theories for the causes of OCD, there have been studies on the connection between OCD and the person's environment, beliefs and attitudes
  • Childhood sexual abuse or exposure to an obsessive compulsive parent may increase your risk of developing OCD.
  • Other theories about the causes of OCD focus on the interaction between behavior and the environment and on beliefs and attitudes, as well as how information is processed.
  • In addition, people with obsessive-compulsive disorder who take medications that enhance the action of serotonin often show great improvement.

Symptoms of Obsessive-compulsive-disorder

Some common Symptoms of Obsessive-compulsive-disorder :

  • Constantly thinking about certain sounds, images, words or numbers .
  • unpleasant intrusive thoughts, especially about violence, aggression or sex .
  • intense fear of making mistakes or behaving inappropriately .
  • Touching certain objects a precise number of times.
  • Excessive hand washing.
  • Chest pain or discomfort.
  • Trembling or shaking .
  • Dizziness.
  • Counting frequently .
  • Repeating a word, phrase or prayer .
  • Fear of making a mistake .

Treatment of Obsessive-compulsive-disorder

  • OCD can be effectively treated - usually with a combination of individual therapy and medications.
  • If OCD is found to be linked to a streptococcal infection, then a series of antibiotic medications may be prescribed by your adolescent's physician.
  • Treatment recommendations may include family therapy and consultation with the adolescent's school.
  • While other medications, such as benzodiazepines, may offer some relief from anxiety, they are generally used only in conjunction with the more reliable treatments.
  • Clomipramine, the oldest medication treatment for OCD, is more effective than SSRI antidepressants but has more numerous and unpleasant side effects, including sedation, urinary retention (difficulty initiating urination), orthostatic hypotension (drop in blood pressure when rising from a seated position), and dry mouth.